What may sound like a scene from a Hollywood movie is a night that transformed Julian ‘Cannonball’ Adderley into a jazz saxophone legend.
The year was 1955 and he was in New York to pursue a masters in music.
One evening, Cannonball and his brother, Nat Adderley, went to the Cafe Bohemia to listen to the Oscar Pettiford group.
Nat’s account of the evening was that alto saxophonist Charlie Rouse was asked to sit in with the ensemble but didn’t bring his horn.
Oscar spied a patron with a sax case and told Charlie to borrow his. But when Rouse recognised the man as Cannonball from gigs they played in Florida, fate intervened.
According to Nat Adderley, Rouse went back and told Oscar Pettiford that Cannonball didn’t want to lend his sax and, instead, wanted to play himself.
“Well, he called him up to get rid of him and Cannonball sailed throughout the first couple of tunes, and then I went up and played, and two nights later, we had a job with that thing. Sounds like some movie stuff but that’s the way it really was.”
Dubbed ‘the new Bird’ after famed bebop player Charlie Parker, Cannonball was born in Tampa, Florida in 1928 and graduated from Florida A&M in 1948. He passed away from stroke complications in 1975 aged just 46.
Where did Cannonball Adderley’s nickname come from? Well, known for his voracious appetite, a childhood friend dubbed him “cannibal” but his accent made it sound like ‘cannonball.’
Anyway, stay tuned for our round up of the 5 best Cannonball Adderley albums out there…
Somethin’ Else (1958)
Released in 1958 on Blue Note, this hard bop classic has a star-studded lineup featuring Miles Davis, pianist Hank Jones, double bassist Sam Jones, Art Blakey on drums, and of course, Cannonball on alto sax.
What makes this album significant is that these musicians came from varied musical backgrounds that created a vibrant, colourful yet organic musical experience.
The laidback vibe and nuances of Somethin’ Else conjure images of smoky jazz clubs from the ’50s and ’60s.
Tracks like “Love For Sale” showcase Cannonball’s bebop roots with “Bird-like” improvisations.
A.B. Spellman, NPR’s Basic Jazz Record Library commentator, noted that the solo exchange between Cannonball Adderley and Miles Davis on Autumn Leaves was the “kind of antiphony, that call and response that was at the very root of jazz.”
Nancy Wilson and Cannonball Adderley (1962)
Released September 1, 1962, on Capitol Records, this album has Cannonball on alto sax, brother Nat Adderley on cornet, Sam Jones playing bass, Joe Zawinul on piano and Louis Hayes on drums.
Before you gloss over this one as ‘easy listening’ or disregard it because it’s vocal-heavy, consider this: not only was Cannonball a master on the alto sax but he was savvy at discovering talent and jazz singer Nancy Wilson was one such find.
Nancy’s lyrical voice compliments Adderley’s playing like a hand in a glove; her vibrato mimics Adderley’s when it’s wide and other times when it is as smooth as glass. She sings on seven of the twelve cuts while the remaining feature Cannonball showcasing his improvisational genius.
Know What I Mean (1961)
Released 1961 on Riverside Records this album featured Bill Evans on piano, Cannonball on alto saxophone, Percy Heath on bass, and Connie Kay on drums.
Imagine combining the post-bop stylings of Cannonball Adderley with the cool jazz sound of Bill Evans backed by Heath and Kay from The Modern Jazz Quartet.
Rick Anderson at All Music Review quipped, “It’s a different sort of ensemble, to be sure, and the musical results are marvellous.”
The entire album is a gem but “Waltz for Debby” is amazing: glistening arpeggios by Evans foreshadow Adderley’s masterful rendition of melody and improvisation.
Mercy, Mercy, Mercy Live at “The Club” (1966)
This album, which was released in 1966 on Capitol Records, features the classic Cannonball Adderley Quintet, with the alto saxophonist joined on-stage by Nat Adderley, Joe Zawinul, drummer Roy McCurdy and bassist Victor Gaskin.
The album, like the musicians themselves, is full of fun, mischief and musicality.
The title track “Mercy, Mercy, Mercy!” was written by Joe Zawinul (who later founded Weather Report) and encapsulates the style of ‘soul jazz’ often associated with Cannonball. The groove is deep, the tones are sultry, and the use of space by the quintet makes this a timeless gem.
The mischief comes in the title. Yes, it’s a live album but it was not recorded at The Club in Chicago but Studio A in the Capitol building. The producer set up a bar, a bandstand, dimmed the lights, and voila! Instant club!
So why the misleading title?
Cannonball truly cared about others and in this case, was helping his friend who owned The Club with some shameless promotion.
Musically, this album is considered one of Cannonball’s best as it captures his bop stylings, his ‘soul jazz’ vibe with the title track, and showcases a quintet at the peak of their performance.
The Black Messiah: Live at the Troubador (1971)
Originally released in 1971, followed by a reissued version in 2014, the album features a line up of Cannonball Adderley (alto sax), Nat Adderley (cornet), George Duke (keyboards), Walter Becker (bass) & Roy McCurdy (drums), as well as guest appearances by jazz legends including percussionists Airto Moreira and Buck Clarke, guitarist Mike Deasy, reeds players Ernie Watts (tenor sax) and Alvin Batiste (clarinet).
Many Cannonball Adderley aficionados consider The Black Messiah Cannonball’s opus.
The quintet weaves textures of bop, blues, latin, and what would later be dubbed fusion into a mosaic of sound that, to this day, is fresh and innovative.
Mike Deasy, noted Los Angeles session guitarist of The Wrecking Crew, adds the rock and blues element that tilts the album toward a modern vein.
Tenor saxophonist Ernie Watts described Cannonball as a “people person” who loved to talk with his audience to make them relax.
Cannonball reportedly said: “I give them 50% of what they want to hear and 50% of what I think they need to hear.”
You’ll not only hear Cannonball’s mastery of jazz on The Black Messiah but also his gift for storytelling between songs.
Thanks for reading and we hope you’ve been inspired to go back and listen to some of the great Cannonball Adderley albums that are out there.
If you have other favourites which you think we should have included, feel free to use the comments section here.
And, if you’re after some more saxophone-focused articles, check out this profile of some of the great modern day jazz sax players.
If you’re learning saxophone and are interested in how the jazz greats – including Cannonball Adderley – set up their saxophones, you might like our guides to the best jazz reeds (Cannonball used a 2!), the best jazz mouthpieces (Cannonball used a Meyer!) and the best jazz saxophones (he went from a King to a Selmer Mark VI)
The label ‘Discover Jazz’ is attached to articles which have been edited and published by Jazzfuel host Matt Fripp, but have been written in collaboration with various different jazz musicians and industry contributors. When appropriate, these musicians are quoted and name-checked inside the article itself!