Born not long after the turn of the 20th Century, American jazz tenor saxophonist Ben Webster was an early pioneer who made is mark on some of the most important albums in history. In this article we look through 10 of the best…
Benjamin Francis Webster was born in Kansas City, Missouri on March 27th 1909 – incidentally, the same year as fellow saxophone great Lester Young and just five years after his future inspiration Coleman Hawkins.
As with many famous saxophone players of that era, he started out with classical music (learning violin and piano) before being inspired to switch to jazz; in this case, via Pete Johnson – a renowned local pianist who taught him to play Blues and Boogie Woogie.
By 1928, he was making money in the world of silent movies and it was whilst working in Amarillo, Texas, he met Budd Johnson who taught him how to play the alto saxophone.
Two years down the line and he was out of Amarillo, playing sax with Gene Coy’s Happy Black Aces.
After commenting that he “couldn’t express myself on alto” the bandleader bought Webster a tenor saxophone which he immediately took to. The rest, as they say, is history!
Ben Webster would go on to play with a range of leading bandleaders in the 1930s and 40s including Teddy Wilson, Fletcher Henderson, Cab Calloway and, most famously, Duke Ellington.
Although he later fell out with Ellington, he still played the composers tracks throughout his career.
King of Tenors
With such a vibrant career as a sideman, it was relatively late before Ben Webster released his debut album under his own name.
Cut in 1953 New York for the Norgran label, it was originally released as “The Consummate Artistry of Ben Webster”.
The band’s lineup included Benny Carter on alto sax, Harry Edison on trumpet, pianist Oscar Peterson, Ray Brown in charge of the double bass, Herb Ellis on guitar duties; and Alvin Stoller on drums.
It received some top reviews for Webster’s musicianship and the overall sound.
This album was actually re-released on the famed Verve label in 1957 when it became known as ‘King of Tenors” – this title has stuck ever since.
Two years passed before Webster’s next record, entitled “Music For Loving”. Again, this was re-issued by Verve in ’57 and named “Sophisticated Lady”.
The original was arranged by Duke Ellington’s collaborator and friend, Billy Strayhorn.
Again favourable reviews lauded Webster’s playing as the gem on this record; no wonder it was later ranked #2 in Colin Larkin’s list of the 50 most overlooked jazz albums of all time.
Ben Webster Meets Oscar Peterson
By 1959, Webster was with Verve Records and had become somewhat of a living legend.
On this outing he was once more backed by the Oscar Peterson Trio made up of the great pianist and his colleagues, bassist Ray Brown and drummer Ed Thigpen.
Tracks on this album include “This Can’t be Love” and “In The Wee Small Hours Of The Morning”.
Those in the know say this is one of the tenor horn player’s finest recordings.
Ben Webster & Johnny Hodges: The Complete 1960 Sextet Jazz Cellar Session
These cats were really strutting their stuff by 1960.
Ben Webster and Johnny Hodges had been close buddies since playing together in the Duke Ellington Orchestra back in the 1930s and it really shows in their playing; I suppose this is to be expected with the finest tenor sax and the greatest alto horn player of the time making a record together.
The album recording was split into two part, with 12 tracks made at San Francisco’s Jazz Cellar in San Francisco and the final five in Los Angeles.
Notable musicians on this 17 track masterpiece included two further Ellington elite members Ray Nance on trumpet and Lawrence Brown on the trombone, along with Herb Ellis on guitar, Gus Johnson on drums, and Lou Levy on the piano.
This has to be one of the greatest jazz albums of all time – listen to it if you can all in one go for a great experience.
A switch of record label in 1963 to Riverside and a change of pianist to then upcoming Joe Zawinul brought about another brilliant recording.
Two tracks, “Soulmates” and “The Governor”, were Webster originals; “Frog Legs” was by Zawinul and they managed to squeeze in an Ellington song, “Come Sunday” too.
This smaller ensemble was completed by bassists Richard Davis and Sam Jones whilst Thad Jones blew cornet and drums were taken care of by Philly Joe Jones.
See You At The Fair
Recorded on March 11th and 25th, at Van Gelder Studio, New Jersey, this 1964 album was released on Impulse Records and again featured great tracks from Ellington.
Also Gershwin, Washington and Dave Brubeck songs are featured.
As always the whole album really swings and on “Over The Rainbow” there is a real mellow feel and almost baroque keyboard sounds transform track five, “Lullaby of Jazzland”.
Not long after this five star record came out, Ben Webster moved to Europe, living out his years in London, Amsterdam and Copenhagen to name a few; the Danish capital even named a street and jazz award after him.
Ben Webster’s First Concert in Denmark
Having spent a month of 1964 in residency at Ronnie Scott’s in London and then moved around Scandinavia, Webster settled in Copenhagen, where there was little or no prejudice against blacks.
Newly arrived in January 1965 he recorded this live album at the Radio Concert Hall with Kenny Drew on piano, Alex Riel on drums and Niels Henning Ørsted Pedersen playing the double bass.
The 2019 Storyville Records rerelease of this album shows the mastery was still evident and all the musicians gelled so well; after the rehearsal track, “In A Mellotone”, the audience was suitably appreciative of a set that included “Pennies From Heaven” and “Blues In B Flat”.
The concert was broadcast live on Danish radio.
Ben Webster Plays Ballads
This Storyville recording contains seven tracks including the well-known jazz ballads “Cry Me A River”, “Stardust” and “For Heavens Sake”.
Webster was brilliant at ballads and that shows in these warm recordings, which were originally made between 1967 and 1970 and feature a host of musicians including once again, Niels Henning Ørsted Pedersen on bass, Kenny Drew on piano and Al Heath on drums.
Many of Websters compatriots enjoyed travelling from America to record and play with him and he toured extensively throughout Europe.
No Fool No Fun
Another album released on Storyville and this one recorded in the centre of Copenhagen in the ballroom of a converted Canadian river steamboat, the “St. Lawrence”, in October 1970 during a rehearsal with the Denmark Radio Big Band along with singers Matty Peters and Freddy Albeck.
This set isn’t that extensive, and in fact there are seven takes of the first song, “Did You Call Her Today”.
The album, however, shows an insight into how the great man orchestrated his music.
Mattye Peters provides the vocals for “Baby It’s Cold Outside” to end this record.
Ben Webster’s penultimate album, this time an eleven track collection recorded in Paris in June 1972.
This was a quartet that also featured Georges Arva Nitas on piano, Jacky Sampson on bass and Charles Saudrais on drums.
Here you can find a sax driven version of the 1928 Eddie Cantor song “Makin’ Whoopee” and the Ted Murray/Billy Moll written standard “I Want A Little Girl” originally released in 1930, the year Webster turned 21!
Ben Webster was a true giant of the jazz genre and recognised as a tenor saxophonist of the finest calibre.
He died on September 20 1973, leading behind a wonderful discography of music spanning five decades.
In 1976, the Ben Webster Foundation was established in Copenhagen by Billy Moore Jr. and the trustee of Webster’s estate, under the sign of Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark in honour of the great saxophonist.
To this day it encourages young musicians to follow in Webster’s footsteps, carrying on the jazz scene in this great city.
Thanks for reading!
As you might have guessed, these 10 albums only scratch the surface of Ben Webster’s rich discography.
And, perhaps more than many other famous jazz musicians, there is a whole treasure trove of sideman albums to dive into, including recordings with Clark Terry, Gerry Mulligan, Dizzy Gillespie, Count Basie and many more…