We’ve compiled this collection of some of the best jazz books of all time to unravel the stories behind the lives of some of the jazz greats. From Louis Armstrong and Charlie Parker through to Miles Davis and Keith Jarrett, here’s our pick of the recommended reads to get to grips with jazz history…

[if you’re actually looking for the best books to learn jazz & improvisation, we put together this list of the best jazz education books for each instrument]

Books about Jazz trumpeters

  • The Miles Davis autobiography

Like many of the best jazz history books, this was written by the musician himself.

Miles: The Autobiography, like the man himself, holds nothing back. Miles bravely details his struggle with drugs and racism, and talks about the various women he has been with.

However, most of all, Davis talks of music and musicians, with many tales of the greats he’s played with, from Bird and Dizzy Gillespie to John Coltrane and Charles Mingus. Miles continues his winning streak of engaging the audience by offering a fascinating and often riveting read about into his life as a jazz trumpet great.

You can check out which of his records we picked for our roundup of the best jazz albums in history here.

‘An engrossing read . . . gives fascinating insights into the cult phenomenon’Miles Copeland, Weekend Telegraph

  • The Louis Armstrong Book

An Extravagant Life by Laurence Bergreen

Biographer Laurence Bergreen enthusiastically pursues the story of Louis Armstrong both as a person and as an artist.

From the beginnings of jazz history at funeral marches and brothels, in a world of marijuana smoke, mobsters and razor-wielding prostitutes, to Armstrong’s role in turning it into high art.

This is one of the greatest books on jazz – a vivid bundle of information, put together using an archive of Armstrong’s writing, recordings, photographs and 1,800 hours of tape-recorded reminiscences and anecdotes.

  • The Chet Baker Book

Chet Baker: His Life and MusicJeroen De Valk

From his emergence in the 1950s – when an uncannily beautiful young man from Oklahoma appeared on the West Coast and became, seemingly overnight, the prince of cool jazz.

In this first major biography, the story of Baker’s demise is finally revealed. So is the truth behind his tormented childhood. The author brilliantly recreates the life of a man whose journey from golden promise to eventual destruction mirrored America’s fall from post-war innocence – but whose music has never lost the power to enchant and seduce us.

Miles
Chet Baker: His Life and Music
Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life
Miles
Chet Baker: His Life and Music
Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life
Miles
Miles
Chet Baker: His Life and Music
Chet Baker: His Life and Music
Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life
Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life

Books about alto saxophonists

  • The Charlie Parker Book

Bird Lives! (Charlie Parker) by Ross Russell

Filled with beaming admiration, Bird Lives! offers a riveting account of the great saxophonist-composer, which is not just limited to his artistic endeavours or his personal life.

Instead, the book aptly describes the environment that produced Parker and honed him. Russell explains Parker as a complex personality brought out by his times; a wayward virtuoso who exhibited an endless desire for sex, drugs, food, and, most of all, life.

Bird Lives! discusses Parker’s immense influence and importance for the decades that followed him, and details of how the driving force behind the mid-1940s bebop revolution never lived up to his potential as the domineering talent he was. It’s a personal and dedicated account.

Music students looking for an insight into his music should also check out the Charlie Parker Omnibook – a collection of transcriptions of his most famous jazz solos.

“One of the very few jazz books that deserve to be called literature” – Grover Sales, Saturday Review

  • The Art Pepper Book

Straight Life by Art & Laurie Pepper

From the rear cover notes: Art Pepper, 1925-1982. Jazz musician. Innovator. Played with Benny Carter, Stan Kenton, Shelly Manne. Called the greatest alto saxophonist of the post-Parker generation.

Also: junkie, convict. And the author of Straight Life, the self-portrait that manages to put the pieces of this life together.

A truly engrossing jazz autobiography about the cool jazz great, described by JazzTimes Magazine as “the most harrowing jazz memoir ever”

Anyone wanting to learn more about the life of this alto saxophone great should as check out the 1982 documentary Notes from a Jazz Survivor which packs a powerful emotional punch.

Bird Lives!
Straight Life: The Story Of Art Pepper
Bird Lives!
Straight Life: The Story Of Art Pepper
Bird Lives!
Bird Lives!
Straight Life: The Story Of Art Pepper
Straight Life: The Story Of Art Pepper

NEXT:
10 Great Jazz Magazines

Books about the tenor sax greats

  • The John Coltrane Book

Coltrane: The Story of a Sound by Ben Ratliff

The story of John Coltrane goes beyond a simple discussion of music and cannot be reduced to the tale of a man who played the saxophone in the 60s.  Ratliff explores this very idea in his engrossing book, Coltrane: The Story of a Sound.

More than a simple jazz biography, it’s a study into the musical zeitgeist created by Coltrane; his identity, his influence, his distinctive language.

Understanding of music or of Coltrane is not essential to enjoy Ratliff’s engaging book. The words entrap us in an atmosphere that shows love, adoration, admiration, and wonder in spades, transporting us into something ethereal – the experience that only John Coltrane can give. 

Unsurprisingly, for one of the most forward-thinking musician in history, you can find him in our round up of both the best Avant garde albums in jazz history and the best Hard Bop albums of all time.

  • The Warne Marsh Book

An Unsung Cat by Safford Chamberlain

This book explores the life and music of jazz saxophonist Warne Marsh, who is possibly one of the most under-rated jazz musicians of all time.

It also includes a comprehensive discography along with archive photographs of the great musician who came through the purist ‘cool school’ of jazz as a protégé of pianist Lennie Tristano.

Some of his most celebrated recordings include those with Lee Konitz, Bill Evans & Chet Baker.

  • The Sonny Rollins Book

Saxophone Colossus: A Portrait of Sonny Rollins by Bob Blumenthal

Filled with images taken by John Abbott, Rollins’ photographer of choice, this book captures the essence of the myth and the man.

Sonny Rollins’s influence on jazz is well-documented, most of all by Blumenthal, yet this book aims to offer a complete look into the life of the great saxophonist.

Painstakingly captured with evocative pictures and glowing words – and named after the 1956 masterpiece Saxophone Colossus – it’s an engrossing look into the jazz musicians life.

“Bluementhal’s familiarity with Rollins, and his insight into the body of work, is palpable throughout.” – Jazz Times 

Coltrane
An Unsung Cat: The Life and Music of Warne Marsh (Studies in Jazz)
Saxophone Colossus: A Portrait of Sonny Rollins
Coltrane
An Unsung Cat: The Life and Music of Warne Marsh (Studies in Jazz)
Saxophone Colossus: A Portrait of Sonny Rollins
Coltrane
Coltrane
An Unsung Cat: The Life and Music of Warne Marsh (Studies in Jazz)
An Unsung Cat: The Life and Music of Warne Marsh (Studies in Jazz)
Saxophone Colossus: A Portrait of Sonny Rollins
Saxophone Colossus: A Portrait of Sonny Rollins

 

Books about the best jazz singers

  • The Sarah Vaughan Book

Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan by Elaine M. Hayes

With a host of accolades including Best Book of 2017 by both Publishers Weekly & The Washington Post, this jazz biography looks at the life and career of a true legend.

Sarah Vaughan (featured here in our list of best jazz singers of all time) came to prominence in the 1940’s during the rise of bebop, performing in Billy Eckstine’s band. One of her most celebrated songs – Lover Man – was recorded at this time, with Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker.

“Necessary and exciting. . . . Queen of Bebop models a way of understanding the lives and artistry of jazz musicians — one that establishes their importance and centrality in creating the best that America has offered the world.” – Washington Post

  • The Ella Fitzgerald Book

A Biography of the First Lady of Jazz by Stuart Nicholson

While unable to talk with Fitzgerald directly, Nicholson went about creating as true an image of the great jazz singer as possible through written accounts and exhaustive interviews of childhood and professional associates.

The resulting book details the rise of a career that began at the age of 17. From the New York City Apollo Theater to the grandest halls and theatres around the country, Nicholson offers an insight into the jazz legend’s life through those who witnessed it all with her.

Nicholson’s account proves to be a fascinatingly detailed look into the life of a true great. 

“a glittering, engaging, comprehensive biography and “must” reading for all her fans” – Midwest Book Review

Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan
Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady Of Jazz (Fact Finders Biographies: Great African Americans)
Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan
Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady Of Jazz (Fact Finders Biographies: Great African Americans)
Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan
Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan
Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady Of Jazz (Fact Finders Biographies: Great African Americans)
Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady Of Jazz (Fact Finders Biographies: Great African Americans)

Jazz pianist books

  • The Thelonious Monk Book

The Life and Times of an American Original by Robin Kelley

A rewarding and exciting journey through the life of one of the jazz greats. The book is based around the idea that every great artist has a muse that propels them. In Thelonious Monk’s specific case, there were three…

His mother nurtured, his wife saved, while Baroness Pannonica de Koenigswarter provided.

Through this triumvirate, Monk’s artistic zeal went unabated for 3 decades. His tale is one of a child who received love and encouragement to be himself and explore his talents, in an environment of social and cultural emancipation.

“I doubt there will be a biography anytime soon that is as textured, thorough and knowing as Kelley’s” – August Kleinzahler, The New York Times Book Review

  • The Keith Jarrett Book

The Man & His Music by Ian Carr

The Man & His Music celebrates the career and talent of the controversial jazz pianist who became known across the world for his improvisation.

Keith Jarrett found fame early, with his exuberant solo piano performances and his work with renowned artists – including many European jazz musicians – propelling his reputation. The author details his career’s many twists and turns, with obvious admiration and praise for Jarrett’s musical prowess.

The book also highlights various compositions, Jarrett’s tryst with classical music, and the various artistic mannerisms that made him such a distinctive voice in the jazz world.

“Jarrett admirers will relish this adulatory biography” – Publishers Weekly 

Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original
Keith Jarrett: The Man And His Music
Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original
Keith Jarrett: The Man And His Music
Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original
Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original
Keith Jarrett: The Man And His Music
Keith Jarrett: The Man And His Music

NEXT:
10 of the Best Jazz Documentaries

Biographies of the jazz guitar greats

  • The Django Reinhardt Book

Django Reinhardt by Charles Delauney

This was perhaps the first authoritative biography of jazz guitar legend Django Reinhardt’s life and works.

The original version of this book was written by French author, jazz expert, co-founder and long-term leader of the Hot Club de France, Charles Delauney.

Out of print for many years, the latest edition is split into 3 parts: first, the authoritative biography by Delaunay himself, the second a complete discography of the works of Django Reinhardt and, the 3rd, more than 150 photos and illustrations of the legendary gypsy jazz guitarist.

Further reading: our pick of the best jazz guitarists in history

Django Reinhardt by Charles Delaunay (1981-08-06)
Django Reinhardt by Charles Delaunay (1981-08-06)
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Django Reinhardt by Charles Delaunay (1981-08-06)
Django Reinhardt by Charles Delaunay (1981-08-06)
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Last update on 2020-09-29 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API